Pioneer Air Lines Pilot Hat Badge
Dallas, TX 1939-1955
Essair Airlines, incorporated in 1939, was the first airline authorized to fly as a local service carrier in the USA. In 1944, the CAB agreed that an experiment in providing short-haul and local scheduled air service should be conducted. The experiment involved the establishment of a new airline category, known as "feeder" or "local service" carriers. In 1945, Essair became the first airline to fly under the new classification, operating with a temporary certificate. It changed its name to Pioneer Airlines in 1946 and merged with Continental Airlines in 1955. Continental merged with United Airlines in 2010.