Tempelhof Airways USA, was founded in Fort Lauderdale, FL in 1981 by Knut Kramer, a Berliner living in both Florida and Berlin. In April 1982 it began Air Taxi operations with a Piper Navajo from West Berlin's Tempelhof airport. At that time West Berlin could, due to its status of an occupied city, only have operations by airlines of the United States, France and Great Britain. In January 1985 scheduled flight operations began between Berlin and Paderborn using Nord 262 aircraft. Operations were later expanded to Dortmund, Luxembourg, Augsburg and Braunschweig. In 1988 the Saaab 340 was put into service for the Berlin-Hamburg route. They also operated an ambulance/medivac aircraft for many years. Following the reunification of Germany, Tempelhof Airways found itself not being able to compete with other German carriers and at the end of October 1990 all flights ceased.